Ebola Virus Disease: What you need to know about Ebola

Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) is a rare and deadly disease most commonly affecting people and nonhuman primates (monkeys, gorillas, and chimpanzees).

HOW DO YOU GET EBOLA?

The virus spreads through direct contact, (for example, through broken skin or mucous membranes in the eyes, nose, or mouth) with:

Blood or body fluids , (such as urine, faeces, saliva, sweat, vomit, breast milk, semen, and vaginal fluids) of an individual who is sick with or has died from Ebola Virus Disease

Objects , (such as needles and syringes) contaminated with body fluids from a person sick with EVD or the body of a person who died from EVD.

Infected fruit bats or nonhuman primates, (for example, chimps and monkeys).
Semen from a man who recovered from EVD (through oral, vaginal, or anal sex). The virus can remain in certain bodily fluids (including semen) of a patient who has recovered from Ebola, even if they no longer have symptoms of severe illness.

EBOLA SYMPTOMS

Side effects may show up somewhere in the range of two to 21 days after contact with the infection, with a normal of eight to 10 days. They include:

Fever

Severe headache

Muscle pain

Weakness

Fatigue

Diarrhoea

Vomiting

Abdominal (stomach) pain

Unexplained haemorrhage (bleeding or bruising)

AVOID

While in an area affected by Ebola, it is important to avoid the following:

Contact with blood and body fluids (such as urine, faeces, saliva, sweat, vomit, breast milk, semen, and vaginal fluids).

Items that may have interacted with a tainted individual’s blood or body fluids , (for example, clothes, bedding, needles, and medical equipment).

Funeral or burial rituals that require handling the body of someone who died from EVD.

Contact with bats and non-human primates or blood, fluids and raw meat arranged from these animals (bushmeat) or meat from an unknown source.

Contact with semen from a man who had EVD until you realize the virus is gone from the semen.

HOW IS EBOLA DIAGNOSED?

An exposure may incorporate contact with:

Blood or body fluids from an individual debilitated with or who died from Ebola.

Objects contaminated with blood or body fluids of an individual wiped out with or who passed on from Ebola.

Infected fruit bats and primates (apes or monkeys).

Semen from a man who has recuperated from Ebola.

HOW IS EBOLA TREATED?

At the point when analyzed early, essential mediations can altogether improve the odds of survival. These include:

Giving liquids and electrolytes (body salts) through mixture into the vein (intravenously).

Offering oxygen therapy to maintain oxygen status.

Using medication to support blood pressure, reduce vomiting and diarrhoea and to manage fever and pain.

Treating other infections, if they occur

PREVENTION

Avoid areas of known outbreaks.

Wash your hands frequently.

Avoid bushmeat.

Avoid contact with infected people.

Follow infection-control procedures.

Don’t handle remains.

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